Urology Scientific References
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LATEST RESEARCH UPDATE: A 2021 systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials concluded that cranberry products and probiotics both reduce the risk of UTI recurrence in children with a normal urinary tract.This review included 16 trials with 1426 participants comparing non-antibiotic interventions with antibiotics or placebo for prevention of UTIs in children. Results showed that cranberry was as effective as antibiotic prophylaxis (RR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.56–1.50) and was 52% more effective than placebo or no therapy (RR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.28–0.80) in reducing UTI recurrence. Low-quality evidence suggests that probiotics can also reduce recurrence of UTI in children. Probiotics were 48% more effective than placebo in reducing UTI recurrence (RR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.29–0.94). For more information check out the research abstract.
Prostate Cancer, BPH and Prostatitis
(2017/12) Increased dietary and circulating lycopene are associated with reduced prostate cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
(2017/06) Tomato-based randomized controlled trial in prostate cancer patients: Effect on PSA.
(2015/11) A systematic review of dietary, nutritional, and physical activity interventions for the prevention of prostate cancer progression and mortality.
(2009/03) Lycopene for advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer: a prospective, open phase II pilot study.
(2007/09) Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study.
(2006/03) Diet after diagnosis and the risk of prostate cancer progression, recurrence, and death (United States).
(2005/11) Lycopene as a chemopreventive agent in the treatment of high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia.
(2004/09) Lycopene: a novel drug therapy in hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer
(2003/11) Prostate Carcinogenesis in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea(NMU)- Testosterone-Treated Rats Fed Tomato Powder, Lycopene, or Energy-Restricted Diets
(2003/09) A comparison of lycopene and orchidectomy vs orchidectomy alone in the management of advanced prostate cancer.
(2002/11) Effects of lycopene supplementation in patients with localized prostate cancer.
(2002/11) Tomato sauce supplementation and prostate cancer: lycopene accumulation and modulation of biomarkers of carcinogenesis.
(2002/03) A prospective study of tomato products, lycopene, and prostate cancer risk
(2001/08) Phase II randomized clinical trial of lycopene supplementation before radical prostatectomy.
(1995/12) Intake of carotenoids and retinol in relation to risk of prostate cancer.
Omega-3 Fish Oil
Rye Grass Flower Pollen Extract
Urinary Tract Infections